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Lithobates pipiens

Scientific Name:Lithobates pipiens
Common name:northern leopard frog
Rank and Status   
Global Rank:G5 Native Status:Native
Subnational (State) Rank:S2S3 Endemic:No
US ESA Status:None Sand Dunes:No
NNHP Tracking Status:Watch List Wetland:Yes
Other Agency Status Status Last Updated Status Comments
Bureau of Land Management - Nevada Sensitive BLM Nevada Sensitive Species List dated 2017-10-01
State of Nevada Protected Protected Amphibians NAC 503.075.2
Nevada Wildlife Action Plan - 2012 Species of Conservation Priority
Nevada Wildlife Action Plan - 2005 Species of Conservation Priority
CCVI Score Presumed Stable Conf. VH.
Distribution (NV Counties)

Status: Predicted or probable

Carson City Esmeralda Lander Nye
Churchill Eureka Mineral Pershing
Clark Humboldt

Status: Confident or certain

Douglas Lincoln Storey White Pine
Elko Lyon Washoe
Summary Occurrence Data
Occurrence Count:35
Total Observed Area (hectares):Not Available
Maximum Known Elevation (m):1974
Minimum Known Elevation (m):967
Lithobates pipiens data at NatureServe
Lithobates pipiens photos and data at Encyclopedia of Life
Character Abstract
Identification Comments:
Subspecies Comments:
Food Habits:Metamorphosed frogs eat various small invertebrates obtained along water's edge or in nearby meadows or fields; rarely eats small vertebrates. Larvae eat algae, plant tissue, organic debris, and probably some small invertebrates.
Phenology Comments:
Reproduction Comments:
Migration Mobility:
Habitat Comments:Northern leopard frogs require a mosaic of habitats, including aquatic overwintering and breeding habitats, as well as upland post-breeding habitats and the links between the two. Springs, slow streams, marshes, bogs, ponds, canals, flood plains, reservoirs, and lakes are used; usually permanent water with rooted aquatic vegetation. In summer, commonly inhabits wet meadows and fields. Takes cover underwater, in damp niches, or in caves when inactive. Overwinters usually underwater and requires well-oxygenated water that does not completely freeze. Eggs are laid and larvae typically develop in shallow, still, permanent water, generally in areas well exposed to sunlight. Generally eggs are attached to vegetation just below the surface of the water.
Ecology comments:The time of egg deposition varies with latitude and elevation. Breeding often peaks when water temperatures reach about 10°C. At a particular site, egg deposition generally occurs within a span of about 10 days. Aquatic larvae metamorphose into small frogs in early to late summer, a few months after egg deposition.
Version Date:11/02/1999 - 12:00am

Not Available