Coccyzus americanus

Scientific Name:Coccyzus americanus
Common name:Yellow-billed Cuckoo
Rank and Status   
Global Rank:G5 Native Status:Native
Subnational (State) Rank:S1B Endemic:No
US ESA Status:None Sand Dunes:No
NNHP Tracking Status:At-Risk List Wetland:No
Other Agency Status Status Last Updated Status Comments
Bureau of Land Management - Nevada Sensitive BLM Nevada Sensitive Species List dated 2017-10-01
US Forest Service - Region 4 (Intermountain) Threatened USFS list, Jan 2015 update
US Forest Service - Region 5 (California) Sensitive USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Region [R5], Sensitive Animal Species by Forest, updated 09/09/2013
US Forest Service - Lake Tahoe Basin Management Unit Sensitive USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Region [R5], Sensitive Animal Species by Forest, updated 09/09/2013
State of Nevada Protected Sensitive Birds NAC 503.050.3
Nevada Wildlife Action Plan - 2012 Species of Conservation Priority
Nevada Wildlife Action Plan - 2005 Species of Conservation Priority
Nevada Partners in Flight Priority Bird Species
CCVI Score Moderately Vulnerable Conf. Low; Factors contributing to increased vulnerability are climate change mitigation, historical and physiological thermal niche, historical and physiological hydrological niche, other spp. for habitat, and diet.
Distribution (NV Counties)

Status: Possible

Churchill Mineral Nye Washoe

Status: Confident or certain


Status: Predicted or probable

Elko Lincoln
Summary Occurrence Data
Occurrence Count:27
Total Observed Area (hectares):Not Available
Maximum Known Elevation (m):1311
Minimum Known Elevation (m):372
Coccyzus americanus data at NatureServe
Coccyzus americanus photos and data at Encyclopedia of Life
Character Abstract
Identification Comments:
Subspecies Comments:
Food Habits:Cuckoos eat a wide variety of prey items. These are primarily large arthropods such as cicadas, katydids, grasshoppers, and caterpillars, but may also include small lizards and spiders (Halterman et al. 2011).Gleans food from branches or foliage, or sallies from a perch to catch prey on the wing (Ehrlich et al. 1992).
Phenology Comments:
Reproduction Comments:Breeding often coincides with the appearance of massive numbers of cicadas, caterpillars, or other large insects (Ehrlich et al. 1992). Clutch size is one to five (commonly two to three), largest when prey is abundant. Clutch sizes greater than six attributable to more than one female laying in nest (Hughes 1999). Incubation lasts 9-11, shared by male and female during day; male incubates at night (Hamilton and Hamilton 1965, Potter 1980, Potter 1981). Young are tended by both parents, climb in branches at seven-nine days.
Migration Mobility:Winters primarily in South America, east of the Andes. Relatively late spring migrant, arriving on breedign grounds starting mid- to late May, 4-8 weeks later than eastern cuckoos occurring at the same latitude. Considerable numbers not present until early to mid-Jun, and transients continue to be recorded late June to mid July. In fall, western cuckoos depart 2-3 week earlier than eastern cuckoos. Departures begin in late Aug with most birds gone by mid Sep. Stragglers occur from late Sep to Nov, but very rarely after early Oct. Migrates sometimes in small, silent groups, but also observed in large numbers during migration in Central and South America. Migrates predominately at night.
Habitat Comments:BREEDING: Riparian obligate species which requires dense cottonwood-willow forested tracts. In some areas, birds required 17+ ha (42 acres), including a minimum of 3+ ha (7.5) of closed-canopy, broad-leaved forest. Nests are placed in willows, but cottonwoods are used extensively for foraging.
Ecology comments:Territory size averages 20-24 hectares (S. Laymon, in Riparian Habitat Joint Venture 2000).  Major predators include falcons (adults), jays, grackles, snakes, and some small mammals (eggs and nestlings).
Version Date:

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