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Phainopepla nitens

Scientific Name:Phainopepla nitens
Common name:Phainopepla
Rank and Status   
Global Rank:G5 Native Status:Native
Subnational (State) Rank:S3 Endemic:No
US ESA Status:None Sand Dunes:No
NNHP Tracking Status:Watch List Wetland:No
Other Agency Status Status Last Updated Status Comments
Bureau of Land Management - Nevada Sensitive BLM Nevada Sensitive Species List dated 2017-10-01
Nevada Wildlife Action Plan - 2005 Species of Conservation Priority
CCVI Score Presumed Stable Conf. VH.
Distribution (NV Counties)

Status: Confident or certain


Status: Predicted or probable

Summary Occurrence Data
Occurrence Count:17
Total Observed Area (hectares):15
Maximum Known Elevation (m):1760
Minimum Known Elevation (m):305
Phainopepla nitens data at NatureServe
Phainopepla nitens photos and data at Encyclopedia of Life
Character Abstract
Identification Comments:Male is glossy black and female is gray. Both sexes have crests, bright red ireses and white wing patches.
Subspecies Comments:
Food Habits:A strong reliance on Phoradendron berries.
Phenology Comments:
Reproduction Comments:February to March territories are formed and nest-building begins. The breeding season typically lasts until the end of April or beginning of May. Nests usually contain 2 eggs (one exception of 3 eggs). Average nest height is 2.6 m and can be associated with Phoradendron clumps (Krueger 1998).
Migration Mobility:Arrives on breeding grounds at Moapa in late October-early November. Breeding season typically lasts until the end of April or beginning of May, at which time the entire population vacates the area.
Habitat Comments:Old growth Prosopis with moderate to heavy Phoradendron clumps for successful nesting.
Ecology comments:NV considered an important peripheral population (Krueger 1998).
Version Date:05/18/1999 - 12:00am
perched on shrub
Photographer: Copyright Cris Tomlinson, Nevada Department of Wildlife
Photo Date: